Dentures improve your smile by looking and feeling like your natural teeth. However, they do more than make you feel better about your appearance — they can improve your ability to chew and speak. It can be challenging to do these things if you are missing several or all of your teeth. Dentures support your…
What Is the Right Type of Denture for Me?
If someone is missing teeth, a certain type of dentures may be recommended. These dental appliances replace the missing teeth so the person can resume normal eating and speaking. There are various types of dentures, and the right type depends on how many teeth are missing, desired stability, budget and other factors.
Types of dentures
When deciding on the right type of denture, it helps to research all the options.
Complete dentures are used when all of the patient’s teeth are missing. False teeth are placed into a plastic base, and the base rests directly on the gums. These dentures are not as stable as some of the other options because there is nothing anchoring them to the jaw. The dentures are taken out for cleaning and to give the mouth a rest while sleeping. These are a cost-effective option to replace teeth of the upper and/or lower jaw.
When a patient has some natural teeth remaining, a partial denture may be a good option. The replacement teeth are placed into the base, which is attached to the surrounding teeth by metal or clear clasps to help keep it in place. Partial dentures are also removable.
For patients who need to have teeth extracted, immediate dentures may be used to replace them on the same day of removal. Immediate models are temporary while the permanent denture or bridge is being made. This type is beneficial in that it keeps the patient from having to go around with gaps in the mouth for a number of weeks.
Immediate dentures help protect the healing gum tissues and reduce bleeding. They are also beneficial in that a patient can begin to practice speaking and chewing with dentures in place right away, rather than waiting for the permanent ones. There is a higher cost involved with immediate dentures, and there is often the need for adjustments for a better fit.
Patients who are looking for the most affordable option may choose economy dentures. These models are generic and not customizable. This can result in an unsecured fit, and often an adhesive is required to keep them in place.
With this type of denture, the process begins by placing titanium posts into the jawbone itself. Clips or other attachments affix the full or partial dentures to these implants. This denture type is more stable and secure than other types, and patients experience a natural bite. Since the implants are secured in the jaw, there is no bone loss like there is with removable dentures.
Not everyone is a candidate for implant-supported dentures, as a patient must have good bone structure in the jaw so the implants can attach properly. This is a popular type of denture, but it is a complex procedure, and it is more expensive than conventional dentures.
When looking for the right type of denture, there are many factors to consider. Before making a decision, patients should discuss the pros and cons of each one with a dentist.
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